What is an E-1 Visa for Treaty Traders?

The E-1 Visa for Treaty Traders is a non-immigrant visa that allows foreign nationals from a treaty country to carry on trade of a substantial nature, which is international in scope, either on the foreign national’s behalf or as an employee of a foreign company engaged in trade between the United States and the foreign country. Employees of a foreign company may qualify for E-1 status if (1) they are engaged in duties of an executive or supervisory character, or (2) have special qualifications that make the services to be rendered essential to the efficient operation of the enterprise.